Implementation of the Third Phase started in July 2008 with funding from the Government of Tanzania through its annual budgetary allocations. This phase entails:-
(i) Navigating the Legal and Institutional changes (Reforms) through the sectoral Ministries to create and institutionalize the envisaged Legal and Institutional Framework to govern property and business rights and facilitate the use of these assets to create capital.
(ii) Building Capacities of Local Authorities to progressively adapt the Reforms contained in the Legal and Institutional Framework in effecting systematic and fast track formalization of extra legal real estate and business assets under their jurisdiction and facilitating (funding) the implementation of property and business formalization interventions implemented by the aforementioned Local Government Authorities.
(iii) Institutional development at the national level (MKURABITA Management Unit). To create mechanisms for leading the national efforts on:-
• Property and Business Formalization
• Capital Formation through empowering owners of formalized assets to access capital and other opportunities in the economy.
• Institutional strengthening at national and local levels towards attaining competitive transaction costs for doing business in the formal economy of the country. (Continuously improving the property and business rights regimes as related to ownerships and transaction in the market).
• Leading (coordinating) the national efforts in implementing the Commission for Legal Empowerment of the Poor – CLEP recommendations through a UNDP supported initiative – now under discussions.
The achievements attained by MKURABITA in the implementation of its Third Phase include:-
a. Navigation of Legal Reforms through Sectoral Ministries –
• Twenty Eight (28) Land Reforms packages discussed and accepted for necessary further actions including enacting / amending of laws relating to land administration (Tanzania Mainland).
• Eleven (11) Land Reforms packages under active consideration with noticeable partial adoption of some of the Reform proposals.
b. Capacitating Local Government Authorities to formalize real estate properties which entailed:-
• Twenty Four (24) Rural Local Government Authorities reached and capacitated to formalize property where land use plans in 60 villages were done, individual owners identified and linked to their properties electronically, 48,146 properties surveyed and 18,720 Certificates of Customary Right of Occupancy (CCRO) prepared and a total of 1,587 CCROs issued to owners.
• Three Urban Local Authorities reached and interventions on squatter Regularization effected resulting in 4 schemes developed and approved by the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Settlement Development followed by surveying, preparation and issuance of 324 Certificate of Right of Occupancy (CRO).
• Business Formalization in Tanzania Mainland entailed capacity building for 1,642 small business owners that has trained and registration of 750 business names.
• Land use planning and survey of individual properties has been effected in one Shehia (Kiungoni) in Wete District Pemba with 968 Certificate of Right of Occupancy prepared.
• Capacity building for 1,016 small business owners effected. The activity involved awareness raising and training on the importance of business formalization i.e. registration, maintenance of records, submission of returns, formal closing of business, accessing credit and other opportunities and services in the formal economy.
c. Institutional Development that entailed:-
• Continued strengthening of MKURABITA Management Unit to effectively manage the Program.
• Obtaining a formal Cabinet Decision (Presidential Authority) to take forward the Implementation of the Reform Proposals to create the envisaged Unified National Property and Business Legal and Institutional Framework that will facilitate fast track, decentralized and cost effective transformation of the vast extra legal real estate and business sectors and subsequently enable the owners to use them in leveraging their participation in the formal economy thus strengthen the national resolve to build an inclusive and sustainable socio-economic system in the country.
• Appointment of MKURABITA Management Unit as a Coordinator and Focal Point for the national efforts towards implementation of CLEP agenda – Discussions are in progress with the UNDP to begin the processes of implementing the CLEP agenda.
• MKURABITA Management Unit using the Reform packages on property matters to compete for UN Award on Service Delivery where MKURABITA won 2nd Place Award in Africa in 2010 and 1st Place Award in Africa in 2011 in the Category of Improving Public Service Delivery.
• Implementing the MKURABITA’s Communication Strategy – whose impact is the immerse demand of MKURABITA interventions by the majority of the people and leadership in country.
• While Implementation of MKURABITA is an important element in the CCM – Election Manifesto of 2010 it is also largely accepted and demanded by the opposition political parties.
• Political will and commitment from the leadership at both the national and grass-root level is highly demonstrated